Get the scoop on the differences between flours.
1. All-Purpose Flour. All-Purpose Flour is one of the most common flours used. All-purpose flour is made from a blend of soft wheat and hard wheat. All-purpose flour is also labeled number 55 in other countries
3. Cake Flour. Cake Flour is made from finely ground soft wheat flour. Cake flour in other countries is labeled with the number 45. Many bakers use flours 45 and 55 as these are all-purpose flour and cake flour.
4. Whole Wheat Flour. Whole Wheat Flour is made by grinding the kernels of red wheat. Whole wheat flour in other countries is labeled number T150. In the UK Whole wheat flour is also known as Wholemeal flour.
5. Self-rising flour. Self-rising Flour is made by mixing All-purpose flour, baking powder, and salt. You can make your own self-rising flour by mixing 1 cup of all-purpose flour, 2 teaspoons baking powder, and 1 teaspoon salt. Self-rising flour is also number 45 in other countries but you have to check the labels.
6. Pastry Flour. Pastry Flour can also be used as cake flour. Pastry flour is finer then all-purpose flour but rougher then cake flour. Pastry flour is made from soft wheat. You can make pastry flour by mixing 1 cup of all-purpose flour and 2 cups of cake flour. Pastry flour is good for making Tart Crust and Muffins. Same as cake flour, in other countries pastry flour is also labeled number 45.